Minus Related Pages Coronary artery disease is caused by plaque buildup in the wall of the arteries that supply blood to the heart called coronary arteries. Plaque is made up of cholesterol deposits. Plaque buildup causes the inside of the arteries to narrow over time. This process is called atherosclerosis.
By decreasing your risk factors, you can improve your long term survival and quality of life. Risk factors can be divided into: Non-modifiable risk factors - risk factors you cannot change Modifiable risk factors - those you can change Non-modifiable Risk Factors Male gender.
The risk of heart attack is greater in men than in women, and men have heart attacks earlier in life than women. However, at age 70 and beyond, men and women are equally at risk. Coronary artery disease is more likely to occur as you get older, especially after age Family history of heart disease.
If your parents have heart disease especially if they were diagnosed with heart disease before age 50you have an increased risk of developing it. These help define your basic likelihood for developing heart disease.
If you have any non-modifiable risk factors, it is even more important to work on the risk factors you can change: Modifiable Risk Factors Stop cigarette smoking and the use of tobacco products Smoking is directly related to an increased risk of heart attack and its complications.
If you smoke, ask your doctor about counseling, nicotine replacement medications and programs to help you quit. You and your family should try to avoid second hand smoke. Learn more about smoking and your heart. Lower high blood cholesterol A high-fat diet can contribute to increased fat in your blood.
Ask your doctor to have a measurement of your fasting lipid measurement. Follow a low-fat, low-cholesterol eating plan. When proper eating does not control your cholesterol levels, your doctor may prescribe medications.
Control high blood pressure High blood pressure can damage the lining of your coronary arteries and lead to coronary artery disease. Check your blood pressure on a regular basis.
Most patients with coronary artery disease should target a systolic blood pressure of less than mm Hg. A healthy diet, exercise, medications and controlling sodium in your diet can help control high blood pressure. Maintain tight diabetes control High blood sugars are linked to the progression of coronary artery disease.
If you have diabetes, it is important to maintain a HbA1c less than 7 percent. You can control high blood sugar through monitoring blood sugars, diet, exercise, and medications. Learn more about diabetes. Follow a regular exercise plan A regular exercise program helps to regain or maintain your energy level, lower cholesterol, manage weight, control diabetes and relieve stress.
Check with your doctor first before beginning an exercise program. Achieve and maintain your ideal body weight Obesity is defined as being very overweight with a body mass index BMI of greater than When you are very overweight, your heart has to do more work, and you are at increased risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and diabetes.
Ask your doctor what your ideal weight should be. A healthy diet and exercise program aimed at weight loss can help improve your health. Learn more about weight management.
Control Stress and Anger Uncontrolled stress or anger is linked to increased coronary artery disease risk. You may need to learn skills such as time management, relaxation, or yoga to help lower your stress levels. Eat a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol Ask your doctor, based on your lipid results, how strict your diet should be.
Most people should eat a low fat diet less than 7 percent of calories from saturated fat. A registered dietitian is a good source for dietary information.
Learn more about nutrition strategies. Ask your doctor about new risk factors New markers, such as high-sensitivity c-reactive proteinhave been linked to an increased risk for heart disease. This can be determined by a blood test.Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) has been recorded in a wide range of conditions, from apparently healthy individuals to patients with significant heart disease.
In the absence of heart disease, the prognostic significance of NSVT is debatable. When detected during exercise, and. Reducing Your Risk for CAD. If you have CAD, your health care team may suggest the following steps to help lower your risk for heart attack or worsening heart disease: Lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthier (lower sodium, lower fat) diet, increasing physical activity, and quitting smoking.
Unfortunately, even with optimal treatment of the underlying heart disease, the risk of recurrent ventricular tachycardia usually remains high and, therefore, so does the risk of cardiac arrest and sudden death - so other measures need to be taken.
In summary, NSVT is common following ACS. It can have many causes, several of which are modifiable. A key step in the management of NSVT is risk stratification.
Patients with high-risk NSVT require prompt recognition and escalation of care. Jul 30, · The traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease are high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes, smoking, being post-menopausal for women and being older than 45 for men, according to Fisher.
Obesity may also be a risk factor. Unfortunately, even with optimal treatment of the underlying heart disease, the risk of recurrent ventricular tachycardia usually remains high and, therefore, so does the risk of cardiac arrest and sudden death - so other measures need to be taken.