Aquitaine Aquitaine under Rome had been in southern GaulRomanised and speaking a Romance language.
Aachen now in Germany Frankish king and ruler Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, was king of the Franks between andand emperor of the West between and He founded the Holy Roman Empire, strengthened European economic and political life, and promoted the cultural revival known as the Carolingian Renaissance.
Charlemagne's rule greatly influenced Europe's push to create a unique civilization different from that of Rome or other ancient empires. Early life Charlemagne, the son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada, was born in Although his parents married before his brother Carloman was born, they were not legally married at the time of Charlemagne's birth, and he was thus thought to be illegitimate born out of wedlock.
In Pepin had become mayor of the palace, and in he deposed removed from office the last Merovingian king and was declared king of the Franks, a powerful Germanic tribe that lived in the region today known as France.
Little is known about Charlemagne's childhood. Charlemagne also joined Pepin on many military campaigns. When Pepin died in OctoberCharlemagne and Carloman were both proclaimed king and were to rule the kingdom together.
In the division of the realm, however, Carloman received a larger and richer portion. Under these circumstances relations between the brothers turned sour.
But Carloman died unexpectedly inleaving Charlemagne the sole ruler of the entire kingdom. Territorial expansion Charlemagne moved aggressively, especially in Italy, to remove those who threatened his power.
He immediately attacked and defeated King Desiderius of the Lombards.
Shortly thereafter Charlemagne was crowned king of the Lombards at Pavia. The Frankish conquest of Italy—first of Lombardy in the north and later Benevento in the south—brought new wealth and people into his kingdom.
During his Italian operations Charlemagne also declared war against the Saxons, a Germanic tribe who threatened the northeastern frontier of Francia.
Begun inthis cruel and bitter war finally ended in Francia absorbed the land of Saxony and enforced the Christian religion on the Saxon tribes.
On his eastern frontier Charlemagne defeated Tassilo, the duke of Bavaria. To his empire Charlemagne added the Bavarian duchy, or territory controlled by a duke. He divided the western portion of the duchy into counties, each controlled by a count loyal to the king.
Further to the east the major power and ultimate threat to the Frankish realm was the vast Slavic kingdom of the Avars, or Huns, an Asiatic tribe that had settled along the upper Danube River. Between and Charlemagne crushed the power of the Avars and added their kingdom as a state.
This victory opened the entire Danubian Plain to German colonization and the eastern expansion of Christianity—the beginning of the Drang nach Osten, or push to the East.
Holy Roman Empire By Charlemagne had succeeded in greatly extending his power while crushing several enemies. He ruled all of the Christianized western provinces, except the British Isles, that had once been part of the Roman Empire.
|User Contributions:||During the Carolingian Renaissance, as it is called by modern scholars, Frankish rulers… When Pippin died inhis realm was divided according to Frankish custom between Charlemagne and his brother, Carloman. Almost immediately the rivalry between the two brothers threatened the unity of the Frankish kingdom.|
|Charlemagne - HISTORY||Visit Website Did you know? Charlemagne served as a source of inspiration for such leaders as Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitlerwho had visions of ruling a unified Europe.|
|Life of Charlemagne | Christian History Institute||Abridged, modernized and introduced by Stephen Tomkins. Edited and prepared for the web by Dan Graves.|
As the sworn protector of the Church, Charlemagne was in fact the political master of Rome itself. The papacy, or office of the pope, also recognized Charlemagne's power.
Charlemagne attempted to create unity and harmony within his vast realm and to support laws and promote learning that would achieve his goals of the empire.
Charlemagne, in contrast to his Merovingian predecessors who constantly traveled throughout their realms attempted to create a fixed capital to rival that of Byzantium, an ancient culture legendary for its beauty and wealth.
A closer look at Charlemagne The major record of Charlemagne's personal achievements is the Vita Caroli Magni, the first medieval biography.
Written by Einhard between andthis biography is largely a firsthand account, as Einhard was a member of the palace school during Charlemagne's reign and was his close associate.
In the Vita is the actual physical description of the man who has since become one of the greatest legendary heroes of the Middle Ages — C. Toward his friends Charlemagne was lighthearted, and he particularly enjoyed the company of others. Yet toward his enemies he was often a cruel warrior feared for his strength and ability.The Life of Charlemagne: The Emperor Himself (c.
) Einhard Introduction The first "larger-than-life" figure of the Middle Ages, the emperor Charlemagne (r. ) expanded the political and military boundaries of the Frankish state significantly and strengthened the alliance between the Carolingians and the papacy forged by his .
Charlemagne built on the foundations laid by Boniface, Charles Martel, and Pippin. Contemporary writers were vastly impressed by Charlemagne ’s political campaigns to destroy the autonomy of Bavaria and his equally determined efforts against the Saxons.
Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, was king of the Franks between and , and emperor of the West between and He founded the Holy Roman Empire, strengthened European economic and political life, and promoted the cultural revival known as the Carolingian Renaissance.
Charlemagne Charles the Great Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, was born in to Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon. The oldest of four children, Charlemagne rose to great .
Charlemagne (/ ˈ ʃ ɑːr l ə m eɪ n /) or Charles the Great (German: Karl der Große, Italian: Carlo Magno/Carlomagno; 2 April – 28 January ), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from , King of the Lombards Mother: Bertrada of Laon.
Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, was the founder of the Carolingian Empire, best known for uniting Western Europe for the first time since the fall of the Roman Empire.